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  • 論壇廣播臺
    廣播臺右側結束

    主題: 澤恩小常識:關于面粉~get√

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    • 發表于:2019/1/7 14:46:52
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    做面包烘焙,那么多的面粉種類分不清楚?今天跟隨澤恩咖啡西點職業培訓學校的小講堂來了解一下關于面粉的知識吧,再也不用擔心面粉會用錯了。



    法國人用字母和數字來命名面粉,有一種神秘感。

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    但法國粉卻不同。他們本身并不在乎這些東西,他們會有自己一套完整的體系。隨著面粉批次不同,小麥產地不同,季節不同,蛋白質含量都會有差異,所以他們并不以蛋白質去定義面粉,而是所含的“灰分”來分類。



    其中T系列法國粉現在被廣泛運用于制作面包中。它大約分為6類:T45、T55、T65、T80、T110、T150(全麥粉)。

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    亞洲人對面粉的認知大多會分類為



    高筋粉,中筋粉,低筋粉等不同產品的分類和表示面粉純度的等級。

    在等級上可分為特等粉,

    一等粉,二等粉等各個等級。

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    高筋粉:水份14%,粗蛋白質11.5%以上,蛋白質含量平均在 13.5%,而通常蛋白質含量在11.5%以上者就可以稱為高筋面粉。蛋白質含量高,麩質也較多,因此筋性亦強,多用來做面包、面條等。

    中筋粉:水份13.8%,粗蛋白質8.5%以上,通常用來做中式點心、西式點心等。

    低筋粉:水份13.8%,粗蛋白質8.5%以下,通常用來蛋糕、餅干等。

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    首先普及一下法國面粉的知識,

    法國面粉基本分為三種:



    白面粉

    幾乎不含麩皮,灰分從低到高分為T45/T55/T65



    全麥粉

    按含麩皮的從多到少,和從粗到細分為T150/T110/T80

    黑(裸)麥粉

    特別之處是所用的小麥原料不同于上述兩種面粉,它是有黑裸麥(英文 “rye", 法文”seigle)的研磨而成同樣,按含麩皮的從多到少和從粗到細分為T170/T130/T85

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    灰分(ash content)又是什么呢? 

    是一種化學分析方法,就是將小麥粉完全燃燒后的灰燼殘余物;例如,如果100克小麥粉燃燒后的殘余灰的重量在0.50到0.6克之間,法國人把這種面粉命名為T55;如果灰分在0.4-0.5之間,就是T45;以此類推........

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    T45面粉



    王后T45伯爵(Moulins Bourgeois)面粉蛋白質含量在11%的糕點T45,常常標注法文“vennoiserie”  或者“pastry”,做松脆入口即化的羊角、甜面包和法式甜點

    法式可頌等酥皮類甜面包聞名世界, 以金黃色且富有質感的外皮,層次分明,口感松脆、入口即化,齒間滿滿的宜人的黃油香味,讓人欲罷吃而不能,除了法國人高超的烘焙手藝,法國得天獨厚的小麥品種和獨特風味的黃油造就了人間美味;如果換用加拿大小麥粉,因為化口性的遜色,大大降低了口感的愉悅程度。

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    T55面粉



    在法國,只要是灰分是0.50-0.6之間的所有小麥粉,都可以叫做T55;那如何識別高品質的法國T55呢?

    高品質的T55(T65)

    一般正統的法語全稱為

    “FARINE POUR PAIN TRADITION FRANCAISET55

    (T65)”

    意思是“做傳統法式面包的T55專用面粉”

    顯然“TRADITION傳統”是關鍵字。

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    T65面粉

    適合制作法國鄉村歐包,需要長時間發酵的法棍,這種做法的法棍外皮松脆,氣泡少。成品外觀顏色更黃。

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    關于法棍用什么粉

    法棍用什么粉好?對專業面包師,是一個很基礎的問題:蛋白含量在10.5%-13%之間的任何產地面粉,都可以做出一根好法棍,只不過風味口感不同而已。



    精致的西點,品質的生活

    就從澤恩咖啡西點職業培訓學校開始


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